National Master Plan
One of the key issues with which the master plan for Israel in the 21st century is concerned is the situation of land resources in the country. Natural population growth and the increase in the level of housing comfort have resulted in increased and continuous demands for land. This results in a continuous decline in both the quantity and quality of land resources.
Land is a central tool – perhaps the central tool – in national planning. The policy of land development forms a guideline for physical planning, designating land purposes - development or conservation - and in many ways shaping the landscape of the country: for example in terms of population distribution.
The above must be considered upon the background of a diminishing amount of available land resources in Israel. With each passing year there will be a greater demand for land set against the back drop of a resource which is continuously dwindling. It must be recognized that the planning of land resources in Israel is a long term concern. These conditions require the adoption of a longsighted and consistent policy of land management, steered towards useful deployment, careful and economical in the allocation of a non renewable and depleted resource.
The situation of land shortage in Israel also means difficult decisions in terms of land allocation for building projects and finding the optimal balance between open and built up areas. As a whole, the overriding concept found herein is that the open spaces are an essential element in the national planning system, and they are not of lesser importance than built up areas. The ratio of built up to open space will be organized according to the attribution of equal value to both. The values, landscapes and inheritance of the land which are embedded in its open spaces will aid "resource planning" of the built up areas in Israel.